Have you ever, Squad, eaten mushrooms? Or maybe see mold on the plants? You can find mushrooms easily in your surroundings. Usually when you see mushrooms, it feels like they want to be removed because it will be detrimental. are mushrooms really harmful? Apparently not, Squad. Although there are some mushrooms that have a negative impact, not a few mushrooms also have advantages for us. Come on, find out what are the negative impacts and benefits of mushrooms that you need to know!
Before knowing the benefits of mushrooms, you should first know the negative effects of mushrooms, which if you feel it will definitely taste bad, Squad. What are the harmful things that can be caused by fungi?
Can produce toxins that are harmful to living things.
The type of fungus Aspergillus flavus can produce several compounds called aflatoxins. One of the aflatoxins, namely Aflatoxin B1 has carcinogenic properties and can cause cancer. You can find this aflatoxin in oily, high-carbohydrate grains. It can also cause respiratory disease Aspergillosis.
The Amanita phalloides mushroom also has a toxin that does not go away even after cooking. As a result, it will cause irritation and severe pain and even damage to the eyes and skin, and even death.
Amanita muscaria is known as a mushroom that has psychoactive properties. Although not deadly, this fungus can make several changes in the body’s system.
Become a pest of plants and diseases of animals.
The fungus Ustilago maydis can be a parasite on corn plants. Ustilago maydis generally attacks the corncob by entering the seed and causing swelling and the formation of glands. Swelling will cause the corn to be damaged and the glands to rupture so that Ustilago maydis spores can spread. Besides Ustilago maydis, there are other fungi that can cause disease in animals such as Malassezia sp, dermatophytes (Ringworm), etc. or in plants such as Phytophtthora infestans, Alternaris brassicae, etc.
Carries disease in humans.
Have you ever had tinea versicolor, didn’t you, Squad? The cause of tinea versicolor is the fungus Tricophyton Sp. In addition, there are still some diseases in humans caused by fungi, such as ringworm (Microsporum Sp.), vaginal infections (Candida albicans), athlete’s foot (Epiclermophyton floocosum).
Can reduce the quality of food and other ingredients.
If you have food, it’s a good idea to check it before eating it. If the food already has black, white or blue parts, you should throw it away. If it has been exposed to mold, food or other objects that you will use, there is a possibility that it will be eaten, exposed to the skin, or the spores will be inhaled by you and the consequences can be dangerous.
Mushrooms on bread are included in the negative impact of mushrooms
But, calm down. In addition to the disadvantages listed above, mushrooms also have several benefits. So, calm down, you don’t need to be too afraid of mushrooms. Here it is, Squad, the benefits of mushrooms that you can pick.
As a decomposer.
Try it, you can imagine that organic waste that is dumped on the ground cannot be decomposed. Surely it will pile up and smell really bad right? Fortunately there are several types of fungi that can function as decomposers. These fungi can decompose plant remains, animal carcasses and other organic materials and the decomposition products are returned to the soil so that they can fertilize the soil. One of them is Pilobolus mushroom.
Helps the fermentation process
You must have often heard about the fermentation process. Fermentation is the process of converting carbohydrates in foodstuffs into organic acids using microorganisms. In the fermentation industry, the presence of mushrooms will determine the success of the product, you know. One of the mushrooms comes from yeast, namely Saccharomyces ceriviceae. Examples of fermented products are: beer, bread, tape, tempeh, etc.
Although there are some fungi that cause disease, it turns out that there are also mushrooms that can be used as medicine, Squad. One of them is Ganoderma lucidum. This mushroom is also called ling zhi efficacious as an antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antiallergic, antioxidant, antihepatitic, analgesic, anti-HIV herbal medicine, as well as protection against liver, kidney, hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids, antitumor, and immune system. In addition there is also a fungus Penicillium notatum which is made into an antibiotic drug, namely penicillin which is useful for allergy medicine.
Source of food for humans
Mushrooms can also be used for food, you know. If you like to eat Asian food, you can find mushrooms in soups or even as chips. The mushrooms that are usually used as food are Auricularia polytricha (ear mushroom), Volvariella volvaceae (choppy mushroom), and Pleurotes (oyster mushroom).