Roof garden is the process of planting plants on the roof, without having to depend on the land around the house or building. Initially the roof garden concept was applied to the roofs of high-rise buildings to provide green space in the surrounding area. Because the benefits of a roof garden are so many, today the concept of a garden on a roof has been widely applied to several roofs of urban houses.
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Roof garden with dense, shady plants
Don’t imagine this park is exactly the same as a garden in general, a garden on the roof really needs adjustments so that it can grow optimally on limited media. Among the adjustments that need to be made before making a roof garden are the preparation of the building structure, arrangement of planting media, sewerage, selection of plant types, and maintenance.
In addition to getting the beauty of the exterior of the house, you and your family will also get fresh air quality in your home area. The existence of a garden on the roof can also be used as a place to relax with family or entertain your colleagues.
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The benefits of a roof garden for your family
Although it takes extra preparation to build a roof garden on the roof, but everything will pay off with various benefits that will be obtained. Various benefits that you will get when you have a roof garden on the roof of your minimalist home, including:
- Reducing the level of air pollution.
Various plants in the roof garden are able to change the pollutants in the air into harmless compounds through the reoxygenation process. Rooftop gardens also play a role in stabilizing the amount of carbon dioxide around your home, thereby suppressing the effects of free radicals.
- Lowering the air temperature.
The existence of a garden on the roof can also reduce the heat effect of solar radiation coming from the walls of the building or from the ground, so that its presence can reduce the temperature of the surrounding air.
Various plants that are on the roof, are effective at reducing noise coming from outside, such as the sound of vehicles, lightning and so on.
- Beautify the exterior of the house
As with the function of a garden in general, a roof garden can provide beauty on the exterior of the building, so that it looks more alive, beautiful, and comfortable.
Choosing plants to be planted on the roof of course requires careful calculations. Every place or planting medium, of course, needs adjustments to the type of plant to be planted, including your roof garden. So, choose plants that are diligent in flowering but slow in stem growth. Because this type of plant will not bother you to trim it often.
But make sure you provide water according to their needs. The reason is that the more often you are exposed to sunlight, the soil as the planting medium will dry quickly and the minerals in it will be quickly absorbed. As a result, your plants also need more water and fertilizer than plants in ordinary land.
Types of plants that are suitable for roof gardens
Using plants with soft stems is the right choice for use in a roof garden, because these types of plants will not damage the roof of your house, and usually growth is rather slow. Soft-trunked plants that you can choose include pandanus, mother-in-law’s tongue, paris lilies, and mini chives.
Flower plants are worth choosing because they are light in weight and suitable to be placed on your roof. In addition, flower plants also require a lot of sun exposure to make them more fertile, so they are effective when placed on your roof garden. You can try planting Japanese frangipani, tillandsia, and vines as an option.