Currently, gardening at home is one of the most popular activities. Being an alternative activity that can be done at home makes gardening activities considered effective for maintaining mental health when you have to limit activities outside the home during the pandemic. Vegetable plants are also in demand considering that awareness of vegetable consumption is also increasing. Although it is not as difficult as planting in a large rice field area, gardening at home also has its own challenges. Plant pests remain a common problem when gardening at home. Especially if you don’t use pesticides. Here are some types of plants that can repel pests in the home garden.
1. Turmeric and Laos
A mixture of turmeric and laos can actually repel pests in the home garden. Both of these ingredients can be organic pesticides that you can make yourself at home. To be able to make pesticides from turmeric and Laos, the way is to prepare turmeric and Laos. Then mash the two ingredients and give a cup of water. Strain to separate the dregs with the turmeric and laos liquid. After that, mix it with as much water. Then, transfer it to a spray bottle.
2. Onion and garlic
If you peel the skin of the onion and garlic, don’t be in a hurry to throw it away. because, the skin of onions and garlic can be used as natural pesticides. Both of these ingredients have antibacterial and antiviral properties that are effective in repelling pests, especially fleas on plants. In order for these two ingredients to repel pests in your home garden, you simply need to ferment the skin of the onion and garlic with water for 2 to 3 days. The amount of water used depends on the availability of the onion skin used. After that, strain the fermented liquid to separate the water from the onion skin.
3. Papaya leaves
Papaya leaves have a bitter taste for consumption. However, the bitter taste in papaya leaves is not the reason why it can be used as a pest control on plants, such as caterpillars, lice, or insects. Papaya leaves contain active substances papain enzymes, alkaloids, and glycosides in the stem and fruit. This content is what keeps plant pests away. Thus, plants are free from caterpillars that like to spend plant leaves in your home.
Chili is one of the plants that can also repel pests from the garden at home. It’s not because of the spicy taste that makes pests dislike chilies, but the content of essential oils, piperine, piperidine. The content interferes with pests of food. Thus, the plants that are sprayed with this chili fermented liquid will avoid it. Usually, chili fermented liquid is also often accompanied by garlic.
5. Tomato leaves
Tomato plants can be an effective pest repellent. Parts that can be used for pest control are tomato leaves. This is due to the presence of naturally occurring toxic compounds called alkaloids with insecticidal, antimicrobial, and fungicidal properties. How to make it is to take some tomato leaves. Then soak with a glass of water. The next day, before use, it must be thawed first with new water. Then, transfer it to a spray bottle. Then, the liquid is ready to use and can repel pests in the home garden.