A good landscape arrangement is needed to create a green open space garden that is beautiful to the eye. Professionals in landscape design arrange natural or artificial landscape elements as landscape-forming units. These landscape elements will directly or indirectly affect the appearance and quality of the garden itself.
Landscape architecture is the science used for planning, designing land, and arranging natural and artificial elements so that a functional and aesthetic environment is presented.
Types of Landscape
Currently, for recreation in the middle of the city is not too difficult. There are many city park landscapes that can be visited to provide freshness for those who are tired of the routine of life in the city. The following below are types of landscapes that are in demand because of their open nature.
Urban landscapes are miniatures of urban nature, which include all things outdoor space. The ideal city landscape is manifested in the form of meaningful open spaces. The city’s landscapes include plazas, squares, squares, buildings and fountains.
Many hotels boast of the quality of their landscapes so that they are equipped with landscape facilities, even with a plant nursery. The landscape of a hotel can improve the quality of the hotel. The garden landscape in the hotel can be associated as a garden function for a recreation area that is equipped with the aesthetic value it generates.
A residential landscape is a residential landscape arranged in a wider area, such as the construction of new cities. The construction of each housing must follow established rules, namely the proportion of 60% for construction and 40% for open space, with a ratio of 1: 3: 6 for luxury housing, medium-sized houses and simple houses.
Meanwhile, the Green Basic Coefficient or KDH is the percentage figure of the ratio between the total area of open space outside the building designated for gardening / greening / agriculture to the area of the mapped land / planning area that is controlled.
Shopping Center Landscape (Mall)
Shopping Center Landscape (Mall) is a landscape that was built and arranged in a shopping center area to pamper its visitors so that it is more comfortable to linger in the mall.
Planning, Designing and Landscape Management
Landscape planning is a step or method that is carried out systematically to produce an ideal, appropriate landscape arrangement according to future needs. Landscape planning aims to create a multifunctional environment, which is able to create the sustainability of the ecosystem in the region.
The landscape planning stage includes the following activities:
Inventory, which is the initial stage carried out in the planning process in the form of collecting the required data covering physical aspects, in the form of location and area, boundaries, site topography, soil, water, vegetation, hydrology, climate, point of view, social, economic, and technical aspects.
- Analysis and synthesis, which relates to the problems and potentials obtained from the inventory information
- Concept and design, namely the development of analysis and synthesis by considering the problems and potentials obtained from the inventory information.
In designing the green open space, it is necessary to select and arrange in detail the elements of the plants so that they have functional and aesthetic values. Basically, these landscape elements can be divided into two, namely:
Meanwhile, plants in a Landscape arrangement have three main functions:
- Architectural functions, namely the use of plants to form upright planes, especially in forming spaces;
- Environmental functions, namely the function of plants that are more emphasized to create comfort and safety from environmental disturbance factors, such as pollution, erosion and others; and
- The aesthetic function of plants, namely to provide beauty values in support of the two functions above.
The landscape planning and design process involves professionals in landscape design, who not only understand the people who will use the landscape facilities, but also understand important aspects of the designation of the landscape that will be planned.
Landscape management and maintenance aims to maintain and care for the garden area with all the garden elements in it. With good management, it is hoped that the condition of the park will be maintained for the beauty, beauty, comfort, safety of the park, and as much as possible to maintain the garden design goals.
This is an explanation of what a landscape is, landscape types, and landscape planning. Hope it is useful!